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The Managed Object Aggregation MIB.
G. Keeni. May 2006.

 
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Network Working Group G. Keeni Request for Comments: 4498 Cyber Solutions Inc. Category: Experimental May 2006 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB Status of This Memo This memo defines an Experimental Protocol for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Discussion and suggestions for improvement are requested. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). IESG Note The content of this RFC was at one time considered by the IETF, and therefore it may resemble a current IETF work in progress or a published IETF work. This RFC is not a candidate for any level of Internet Standard. The IETF disclaims any knowledge of the fitness of this RFC for any purpose and in particular notes that the decision to publish is not based on IETF review for such things as security, congestion control, or inappropriate interaction with deployed protocols. The RFC Editor has chosen to publish this document at its discretion. Readers of this RFC should exercise caution in evaluating its value for implementation and deployment. See RFC 3932 for more information. Abstract This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB), the Aggregation MIB modules, for use with network management protocols in the Internet community. In particular, the Aggregation MIB modules will be used to configure a network management agent to aggregate the values of a user-specified set of Managed Object instances and to service queries related to the aggregated Managed Object instances. Keeni Experimental [Page 1]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 Table of Contents 1. The Internet-Standard Management Framework ......................2 2. Background ......................................................2 3. MO Aggregation: The Concept .....................................3 4. The Requirements for Managed Object Aggregation .................6 5. MIB Design ......................................................6 6. The Aggregation MIB Modules .....................................7 7. Security Considerations ........................................25 8. IANA Considerations ............................................27 9. References .....................................................27 9.1. Normative References ......................................27 9.2. Informative References ....................................27 10. Acknowledgements ..............................................28 1. The Internet-Standard Management Framework For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the current Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to section 7 of RFC 3410 [RFC3410]. Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. MIB objects are generally accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the Structure of Management Information (SMI). This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58, RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC 2580 [RFC2580]. The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [RFC2119]. 2. Background For the purpose of management, it is necessary to access Managed Objects (MOs). The SNMP framework provides a mechanism for naming and describing managed objects. These objects are accessed via a virtual information store termed a Management Information Base (MIB). MIBs have been defined by equipment, protocol, and application developers to provide management access to the managed entities. We will call the MOs defined in these MIBs simple MOs (SMO). Management applications will access one or more instances of these SMOs, one or more times, to monitor the target entity. Keeni Experimental [Page 2]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 There is a cost associated with accessing MOs. The cost is the network bandwidth and the packet header processing overhead at the command generator (manager) and the command responder (agent). This cost constrains the number of MO instances that can be polled and the interval at which polling can be carried out. The overhead reduction can be carried out by reducing the number of query-response packets. This will reduce the packet processing overhead, and to some extent, the bandwidth. The payloads in a typical SNMP "get" packet and the corresponding response are as shown in Figure 1. In this example, polling is carried out for 'n' Managed Object instances OID1, OID2, ..., OIDn. It is obvious that a substantial amount of the payload in an SNMP packet consists of the OIDs. 3. MO Aggregation: The Concept In this document, a mechanism of MO aggregation for payload compression is defined. The idea is simple: we introduce the concept of an Aggregate MO (AgMO). An AgMO is just another MO as far as the SNMP protocol is concerned. No new protocol operations will be required to handle these MOs. As in the case of any other MO, it requires additional instrumentation at the command responder (agent) and at the (command generator) manager. In this mechanism, the user defines an Aggregate MO (AgMO) corresponding to one or more (predefined) MO instances. Semantically, the value of an AgMO instance will be equivalent to the concatenation of the values of the corresponding MO instances. The order of the concatenation will be determined by the order in which the MO instances are specified in the AgMO definition. With the definitions done, the user can, as and when the necessity arises, do an SNMP 'get' on instances of the AgMO to fetch the value of the constituent MO instances. There is substantial savings on bandwidth, as only one instance object identifier is carried in the request and the response. In the normal case, instance object identifiers for each of the constituent MO instances would be carried in the requests and the responses. This is the basic concept of Aggregate Managed Objects. For every AgMO, an ErrorStatus Managed Object is defined. This MO indicates errors, if any, that have been encountered while fetching the values of the constituent MO instances. The error indication is comprised of the index of the MO instance and the corresponding error. If there are no errors, the ErrorStatus Managed Object instance will have a null value. This is the basic concept of Aggregate Managed Objects. Keeni Experimental [Page 3]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 The concepts are explained in Figure 2. An aggregate managed object, AgMOx, has been defined for the MO instances MOI1, ... MOIn. The value of an instance of AgMOx will be a concatenation of the values of MOI1, ... MOIn, in that order. Polling for MO Instances [MOI1, MOI2, ... MOIn]: +--------+------+-------+... -+------+------+ Query: |Get req | MOI1 | NULL | | MOIn | NULL | +--------+------+-------+... -+------+------+ +--------+------+-------+... -+------+------+ Response: |Get resp| MOI1 | Val1 | | MOIn | Valn | +--------+------+-------+... -+------+------+ Figure 1. Polling for MO instances Polling for an instance (AgMOIx) of an aggregate MO (AgMOx): AgMOx = aggr{AgMOI1, AgMOI2, ......AgMOIn} +--------+--------+-------+ Query: |Get req | AgMOIx | NULL | +--------+--------+-------+ +--------+--------+------------------------+ Response: |Get resp| AgMOIx | Val1,Val2,...,Valn | +--------+--------+------------------------+ Figure 2. MO aggregation As a further refinement of the AgMO, we introduce the Time-Based Aggregated Managed Object (TAgMO). The TAgMO is an MO that represents the values of a user-specified MO instance sampled at user-specified intervals for a user-specified number of times. In this case, the user defines a TAgMO by specifying the MO instance that needs to be sampled, the sampling interval, and the desired number of samples that will be included in one TAgMO. The value of a TAgMO instance will include the timestamp (sysUpTime) at which the first sample was taken. The start time is not specified when the TAgMO is defined. Implementations may choose to align the start time with the appropriate time boundaries (e.g., seconds, minutes, hours). With the definitions, the user can do an SNMP "get" on an instance of the TAgMO to fetch the values of the constituent MO instance sampled at the specified intervals. This is the concept of Time-Based aggregation. Keeni Experimental [Page 4]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 Polling for 'n' samples of an MO Instance [MOI] at an interval 'i': Query Time Response ===== ==== ======== +--------+-----+-----------+ |Get req | MOI | NULL | t +--------+-----+-----------+ : +--------+-----+--------------+ : |Get resp| MOI | Val(t) | : +--------+-----+--------------+ +--------+-----+-----------+ t+i |Get req | MOI | NULL | : +--------+-----+-----------+ : +--------+-----+--------------+ : |Get resp| MOI | Val(t+i) | X +--------+-----+--------------+ X : +--------+-----+-----------+ t+(n-1)i |Get req | MOI | NULL | : +--------+-----+-----------+ : +--------+-----+--------------+ : |Get resp| MOI | Val(t+(n-1)i)| +--------+-----+--------------+ Figure 3. Periodic polling for samples of an MO instance Polling for an instance (TAgMOIx) of a Time-Based aggregate MO (TAgMOx): TAgMOx = aggr{'n' polled samples of an instance (MOI) of MO at intervals = 'i' microseconds} +--------+---------+-------+ Query: |Get req | TAgMOIx | NULL | +--------+---------+-------+ +--------+---------+--------------------------------------+ Response: |Get resp| TAgMOIx | t,Val(t),Val(t+i),.,Val(t + (n-1)*i) | +--------+---------+--------------------------------------+ Figure 4. Time-Based aggregation The TAgMO instance is a "bucket" of data representing the value of the corresponding MO instance sampled at 'i' microsecond intervals, 'n' times (i.e., over a 'n' X 'i' microsecond window). The TAgMO instance value gets updated at 'n' X 'i' microsecond intervals. Keeni Experimental [Page 5]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 4. The Requirements for Managed Object Aggregation The general requirements of managed object aggregation are as follows: o It should lead to fewer packets. o It should lead to less bandwidth consumption. o It should not lead to loss of information. In the case of Time-Based aggregation, there will be a delay involved in getting the actual data. The minimum delay in this case will be the duration of the aggregation. The manager application is expected to configure AgMOs (Aggregate MOs) and TAgMOs (Time-Based Aggregate MOs) with care so that the response size is not too large. In case the resultant response size is larger than the maximum acceptable message size of the originator or larger than the local maximum message size, then the error-status field will be set to "tooBig". Note that an aggregate MO can be defined only when all the constituent MO instances of interest are known. This scheme cannot be employed if a manager/application does not know the specific MO instances (of interest) that are serviced by the management target. In such cases, the application may "discover" the MO instances of interest by some means, e.g., by "walking" through the MIB tree on the agent. According to the results of the "walk", the application can define an appropriate aggregate MO that will serve the purpose. Considering the cost involved in this exercise, this method is recommended only if the aggregate MO will be used repeatedly, so that the benefits of aggregation outweigh the costs of configuration. 5. MIB Design The basic principle has been to keep the MIB as simple as possible and at the same time to make it flexible enough that a large number of users and applications can use the MIB to configure aggregate MOs conveniently. Two separate MIB modules have been defined. The AggrMIB supports the aggregation of independent MO instances, while TAggrMIB supports the aggregation of several samples of the same MO instance. Both of these MIB modules use the textual conventions defined in RMON-MIB [RFC2819] and SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB [RFC3411]. Keeni Experimental [Page 6]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 The AggrMIB is comprised of three tables, described below. - The aggrCtlTable controls the aggregation process. Each row in this table defines the attributes of the aggregate object defined in the aggrMOTable. - The aggrMOTable defines the primary MO-based aggregation, i.e., the MOs that will be aggregated. - The aggrDataTable contains the details of the aggregated object. The TAggrMIB is comprised of two tables described below. - The tAggrCtlTable controls the aggregation process. Each row in this table defines the attributes of the aggregate object defined in the aggrMOTable. - The tAggrDataTable contains the details of the aggregated object. 6. The Aggregation MIB Modules AGGREGATE-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, experimental, Unsigned32, OBJECT-TYPE, Opaque FROM SNMPv2-SMI OwnerString FROM RMON-MIB RowStatus, StorageType, TEXTUAL-CONVENTION FROM SNMPv2-TC MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF SnmpAdminString FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB; aggrMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200604270000Z" -- 27th April, 2006 ORGANIZATION "Cyber Solutions Inc. NetMan Working Group" CONTACT-INFO " Glenn Mansfield Keeni Postal: Cyber Solutions Inc. 6-6-3, Minami Yoshinari Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan 989-3204. Tel: +81-22-303-4012 Fax: +81-22-303-4015 E-mail: glenn@cysols.com Support Group E-mail: mibsupport@cysols.com" Keeni Experimental [Page 7]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 DESCRIPTION "The MIB for servicing aggregate objects. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 4498; see the RFC itself for full legal notices. " REVISION "200604270000Z" -- 27th April, 2006 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 4498." ::= { experimental 123 } AggrMOErrorStatus ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model the error status of the constituent MO instances. The error status for a constituent MO instance is given in terms of two elements: o The moIndex, which indicates the position of the MO instance (starting at 1) in the value of the aggregated MO instance. o The moError, which indicates the error that was encountered in fetching that MO instance. The syntax in ASN.1 Notation will be ErrorStatus :: = SEQUENCE { moIndex Integer32, moError SnmpPduErrorStatus } AggrMOErrorStatus ::= SEQUENCE OF { ErrorStatus } Note1: The command responder will supply values for all constituent MO instances, in the same order in which the MO instances are specified for the AgMO. If an error is encountered for an MO instance, then the corresponding value will have an ASN.1 value NULL, and an error will be flagged in the corresponding AggrMOErrorStatus object. Only MOs for which errors have been encountered will have their corresponding moIndex and moError values set. Note2: The error code for the component MO instances will be in accordance with the SnmpPduErrorStatus TC defined in the DISMAN-SCHEDULE-MIB [RFC3231]. Note3: The command generator will need to know constituent MO instances and their order to correctly interpret AggrMOErrorStatus. " SYNTAX Opaque (SIZE (0..1024)) Keeni Experimental [Page 8]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 AggrMOValue ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model the aggregate MOs. It will have a format dependent on the constituent MOs, a sequence of values. The syntax in ASN.1 Notation will be MOValue :: = SEQUENCE { value ObjectSyntax } where 'value' is the value of a constituent MO instance. AggrMOValue :: = SEQUENCE OF { MOValue } Note: The command generator will need to know the constituent MO instances and their order to correctly interpret AggrMOValue." SYNTAX Opaque (SIZE (0..1024)) AggrMOCompressedValue ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model the compressed aggregate MOs." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (0..1024)) -- -- The aggregation control table -- There will be a row for each aggregate MO -- aggrCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF AggrCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A table that controls the aggregation of the MOs." ::= {aggrMIB 1} aggrCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AggrCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A row of the control table that defines one aggregated MO. Keeni Experimental [Page 9]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 Entries in this table are required to survive a reboot of the managed entity depending on the value of the corresponding aggrCtlEntryStorageType instance. " INDEX {aggrCtlEntryID } ::= {aggrCtlTable 1 } AggrCtlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { aggrCtlEntryID SnmpAdminString, aggrCtlMOIndex Unsigned32, aggrCtlMODescr SnmpAdminString, aggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm INTEGER, aggrCtlEntryOwner OwnerString, aggrCtlEntryStorageType StorageType, aggrCtlEntryStatus RowStatus } aggrCtlEntryID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(1..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A locally unique, administratively assigned name for this aggregated MO. It is used as an index to uniquely identify this row in the table." ::= { aggrCtlEntry 1 } aggrCtlMOIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..2147483647) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A pointer to a group of MOs identified by aggrMOEntryID in the aggrMOTable. This is the group of MOs that will be aggregated." ::= { aggrCtlEntry 2 } aggrCtlMODescr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..64)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current Keeni Experimental [Page 10]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 DESCRIPTION "A textual description of the object that is being aggregated." ::= {aggrCtlEntry 3} -- only one compression algorithm is defined as of now. aggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { none (1), deflate (2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compression algorithm that will be used by the agent to compress the value of the aggregated object. The deflate algorithm and corresponding data format specification is described in RFC 1951. It is compatible with the widely used gzip utility. " REFERENCE "RFC1951 : DEFLATE Compressed Data Format Specification version 1.3 " DEFVAL { none } ::= {aggrCtlEntry 4} aggrCtlEntryOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that created this entry." ::= {aggrCtlEntry 5} aggrCtlEntryStorageType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX StorageType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object defines whether the parameters defined in this row are kept in volatile storage and lost upon reboot or backed up by non-volatile (permanent) storage. Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row. Keeni Experimental [Page 11]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 " ::= {aggrCtlEntry 6} aggrCtlEntryStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The row status variable, used according to row installation and removal conventions. Objects in a row can be modified only when the value of this object in the corresponding conceptual row is not 'active'. Thus, to modify one or more of the objects in this conceptual row, a. change the row status to 'notInService', b. change the values of the row, and c. change the row status to 'active'. The aggrCtlEntryStatus may be changed to 'active' if all the MOs in the conceptual row have been assigned valid values. " ::= {aggrCtlEntry 7} -- -- The Table of primary(simple) MOs -- aggrMOTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF AggrMOEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The table of primary(simple) MOs that will be aggregated. Each row in this table represents a MO that will be aggregated. The aggrMOEntryID index is used to identify the group of MOs that will be aggregated. The aggrMOIndex instance in the corresponding row of the aggrCtlTable will have a value equal to the value of aggrMOEntryID. The aggrMOEntryMOID index is used to identify an MO in the group. " ::= {aggrMIB 2} aggrMOEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AggrMOEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION Keeni Experimental [Page 12]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 "A row of the table that specifies one MO. Entries in this table are required to survive a reboot of the managed entity depending on the value of the corresponding aggrMOEntryStorageType instance. " INDEX { aggrMOEntryID, aggrMOEntryMOID } ::= {aggrMOTable 1 } AggrMOEntry ::= SEQUENCE { aggrMOEntryID Unsigned32, aggrMOEntryMOID Unsigned32, aggrMOInstance OBJECT IDENTIFIER, aggrMODescr SnmpAdminString, aggrMOEntryStorageType StorageType, aggrMOEntryStatus RowStatus } aggrMOEntryID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..2147483647) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index uniquely identifying a group of MOs that will be aggregated." ::= { aggrMOEntry 1 } aggrMOEntryMOID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index to uniquely identify an MO instance in the group of MO instances that will be aggregated." ::= { aggrMOEntry 2 } aggrMOInstance OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The OID of the MO instance, the value of which will be sampled by the agent." Keeni Experimental [Page 13]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 ::= { aggrMOEntry 3 } aggrMODescr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..64)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A textual description of the object that will be aggregated." ::= {aggrMOEntry 4} aggrMOEntryStorageType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX StorageType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object defines whether the parameters defined in this row are kept in volatile storage and lost upon reboot or backed up by non-volatile (permanent) storage. Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row. " ::= {aggrMOEntry 5} aggrMOEntryStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The row status variable, used according to row installation and removal conventions. Objects in a row can be modified only when the value of this object in the corresponding conceptual row is not 'active'. Thus, to modify one or more of the objects in this conceptual row, a. change the row status to 'notInService', b. change the values of the row, and c. change the row status to 'active'. The aggrMOEntryStatus may be changed to 'active' iff all the MOs in the conceptual row have been assigned valid values. " ::= {aggrMOEntry 6} -- -- aggrDataTable: The Table of Data. Each row represents a Data Keeni Experimental [Page 14]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 -- set. aggrCtlEntryID is the key to the table. -- It is used to identify instances of the -- aggregated MO that are present in the table. -- aggrDataTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF AggrDataEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Each row of this table contains information about an aggregateMO indexed by aggrCtlEntryID." ::= {aggrMIB 3} aggrDataEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AggrDataEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Entry containing information pertaining to an aggregate MO." INDEX {aggrCtlEntryID} ::= {aggrDataTable 1 } AggrDataEntry ::= SEQUENCE { aggrDataRecord AggrMOValue, aggrDataRecordCompressed AggrMOCompressedValue, aggrDataErrorRecord AggrMOErrorStatus } aggrDataRecord OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AggrMOValue MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The snapshot value of the aggregated MO. Note that the access privileges to this object will be governed by the access privileges of the component objects. Thus, an entity attempting to access an instance of this MO MUST have access rights to all the component instance objects and this MO instance. " ::= { aggrDataEntry 1} aggrDataRecordCompressed OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AggrMOCompressedValue Keeni Experimental [Page 15]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compressed value of the aggregated MO. The compression algorithm will depend on the aggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm given in the corresponding aggrCtlEntry. If the value of the corresponding aggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm is (1) 'none', then the value of all instances of this object will be a string of zero length. Note that the access privileges to this object will be governed by the access privileges of the component objects. Thus, an entity attempting to access an instance of this MO MUST have access rights to all the component instance objects and this MO instance. " ::= { aggrDataEntry 2} aggrDataErrorRecord OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AggrMOErrorStatus MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The error status corresponding to the MO instances aggregated in aggrDataRecord (and aggrDataRecordCompressed)." ::= { aggrDataEntry 3} -- Conformance information aggrConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { aggrMIB 4 } aggrGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { aggrConformance 1 } aggrCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { aggrConformance 2 } -- Compliance statements aggrMibCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for SNMP entities that implement the AGGREGATE-MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { aggrMibBasicGroup } ::= { aggrCompliances 1 } -- Units of conformance aggrMibBasicGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { aggrCtlMOIndex, aggrCtlMODescr, Keeni Experimental [Page 16]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 aggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm, aggrCtlEntryOwner, aggrCtlEntryStorageType, aggrCtlEntryStatus, aggrMOInstance, aggrMODescr, aggrMOEntryStorageType, aggrMOEntryStatus, aggrDataRecord, aggrDataRecordCompressed, aggrDataErrorRecord } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects for aggregation of MOs." ::= { aggrGroups 1 } END TIME-AGGREGATE-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, experimental, OBJECT-TYPE, Opaque, Integer32 FROM SNMPv2-SMI OwnerString FROM RMON-MIB RowStatus, StorageType, TEXTUAL-CONVENTION FROM SNMPv2-TC MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF SnmpAdminString FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB; tAggrMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200604270000Z" -- 27 April 2006 ORGANIZATION "Cyber Solutions Inc. NetMan Working Group" CONTACT-INFO " Glenn Mansfield Keeni Postal: Cyber Solutions Inc. 6-6-3, Minami Yoshinari Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan 989-3204. Tel: +81-22-303-4012 Fax: +81-22-303-4015 E-mail: glenn@cysols.com Support Group E-mail: mibsupport@cysols.com" DESCRIPTION Keeni Experimental [Page 17]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 "The MIB for servicing Time-Based aggregate objects. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 4498; see the RFC itself for full legal notices. " REVISION "200604270000Z" -- 27th April, 2006 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 4498." ::= { experimental 124 } TAggrMOErrorStatus ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model the error status of the sampled MO instance. The error status for a sampled MO instance is given in terms of two elements: o The moIndex, which indicates the sample number of the MO instance (starting at 1) in the value of the time- aggregated MO instance. o The moError, which indicates the error that was encountered in sampling that MO instance. The syntax in ASN.1 Notation will be ErrorStatus :: = SEQUENCE { moIndex Integer32, moError SnmpPduErrorStatus } TAggrMOErrorStatus ::= SEQUENCE OF { ErrorStatus } Note1: The command responder will supply values for all the samples of the MO instance. If an error is encountered for a sample, then the corresponding value will have an ASN.1 value NULL, and an error will be flagged in the corresponding TAggrMOErrorStatus object. Only MOs for which errors have been encountered will the corresponding moIndex and moError values be set. Note2: The error code for the component MO instances will be in accordance with the SnmpPduErrorStatus TC defined in the DISMAN-SCHEDULE-MIB[RFC3231]. " SYNTAX Opaque (SIZE (0..1024)) TimeAggrMOValue ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model the time-aggregated MOs. It Keeni Experimental [Page 18]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 will be a sequence of values. The syntax in ASN.1 Notation will be MOSampleValue :: = SEQUENCE { value ObjectSyntax } TimeAggrMOValue ::= SEQUENCE OF { MOSampleValue } where the first MOSampleValue, if any, will always be the timestamp of the first sample in the aggregated object. The subsequent values are the values of the MO instance sampled at the specified intervals for the specified number of times. Note: The command generator will need to know the constituent MO instance and the sampling interval to correctly interpret TimeAggrMOValue. " SYNTAX Opaque (SIZE (0..1024)) CompressedTimeAggrMOValue ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model the compressed TAgMOs." SYNTAX Opaque (SIZE (0..1024)) -- -- The Time-Based aggregation control table -- tAggrCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF TAggrCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The Time-Based aggregation control table. It controls the aggregation of the samples of MO instances. There will be a row for each TAgMO. " ::= {tAggrMIB 1} tAggrCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TAggrCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A row of the control table that defines one Time-Based aggregate MO (TAgMO)." INDEX {tAggrCtlEntryID } ::= {tAggrCtlTable 1 } Keeni Experimental [Page 19]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 TAggrCtlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { tAggrCtlEntryID SnmpAdminString, tAggrCtlMOInstance OBJECT IDENTIFIER, tAggrCtlAgMODescr SnmpAdminString, tAggrCtlInterval Integer32, tAggrCtlSamples Integer32, tAggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm INTEGER, tAggrCtlEntryOwner OwnerString, tAggrCtlEntryStorageType StorageType, tAggrCtlEntryStatus RowStatus } tAggrCtlEntryID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(1..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A locally unique, administratively assigned name for this aggregated MO. It is used as an index to uniquely identify this row in the table." ::= { tAggrCtlEntry 1 } tAggrCtlMOInstance OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The sampled values of this MO instance will be aggregated by the TAgMO. " ::= { tAggrCtlEntry 2 } tAggrCtlAgMODescr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..64)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A textual description of the aggregate object." ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 3} Keeni Experimental [Page 20]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 tAggrCtlInterval OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "micro seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The interval, in microseconds, at which the MO instance pointed at by tAggrInstance will be sampled for Time-Based aggregation. " ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 4} tAggrCtlSamples OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of times at which the MO instance referred to by tAggrInstance will be sampled for Time-Based aggregation." ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 5} -- only one compression algorithm is defined as of now. tAggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { none (1), deflate (2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compression algorithm that will be used by the agent to compress the value of the TAgMO. The deflate algorithm and corresponding data format specification is described in RFC 1951. It is compatible with the widely used gzip utility. " REFERENCE "RFC1951 : DEFLATE Compressed Data Format Specification version 1.3 " DEFVAL { none } ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 6} tAggrCtlEntryOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current Keeni Experimental [Page 21]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 DESCRIPTION "A textual description of the entity that created this entry. " ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 7} tAggrCtlEntryStorageType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX StorageType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object defines whether the parameters defined in this row are kept in volatile storage and lost upon reboot or backed up by non-volatile (permanent) storage. Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row. " ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 8} tAggrCtlEntryStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The row status variable, used according to row installation and removal conventions. Objects in a row can be modified only when the value of this object in the corresponding conceptual row is not 'active'. Thus, to modify one or more of the objects in this conceptual row, a. change the row status to 'notInService', b. change the values of the row, and c. change the row status to 'active'. The tAggrCtlEntryStatus may be changed to 'active' iff all the MOs in the conceptual row have been assigned valid values. " ::= {tAggrCtlEntry 9} -- -- tAggrDataTable: The data table. -- tAggrDataTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF TAggrDataEntry Keeni Experimental [Page 22]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This is the data table. Each row of this table contains information about a TAgMO indexed by tAggrCtlEntryID. tAggrCtlEntryID is the key to the table. It is used to identify instances of the TAgMO that are present in the table. " ::= {tAggrMIB 2} tAggrDataEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TAggrDataEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Entry containing information pertaining to a TAgMO." INDEX {tAggrCtlEntryID} ::= {tAggrDataTable 1 } TAggrDataEntry ::= SEQUENCE { tAggrDataRecord TimeAggrMOValue, tAggrDataRecordCompressed CompressedTimeAggrMOValue, tAggrDataErrorRecord TAggrMOErrorStatus } tAggrDataRecord OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeAggrMOValue MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The snapshot value of the TAgMO." ::= { tAggrDataEntry 1} tAggrDataRecordCompressed OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX CompressedTimeAggrMOValue MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compressed value of the TAgMO. The compression algorithm will depend on the tAggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm given in the corresponding tAggrCtlEntry. If the value of the corresponding tAggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm is (1) 'none', then the Keeni Experimental [Page 23]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 value of all instances of this object will be a string of zero length. Note that the access privileges to this object will be governed by the access privileges of the corresponding MO instance. Thus, an entity attempting to access an instance of this MO MUST have access rights to the instance object pointed at by tAggrCtlMOInstance and this MO instance. " ::= { tAggrDataEntry 2} tAggrDataErrorRecord OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TAggrMOErrorStatus MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The error status corresponding to the MO instance samples aggregated in tAggrDataRecord (and tAggrDataRecordCompressed)." ::= { tAggrDataEntry 3} -- Conformance information tAggrConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { tAggrMIB 3 } tAggrGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { tAggrConformance 1 } tAggrCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { tAggrConformance 2 } -- Compliance statements tAggrMibCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for SNMP entities that implement the TIME-AGGREGATE-MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { tAggrMibBasicGroup } ::= { tAggrCompliances 1 } -- Units of conformance tAggrMibBasicGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { tAggrCtlMOInstance, tAggrCtlAgMODescr, tAggrCtlInterval, tAggrCtlSamples, tAggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm, tAggrCtlEntryOwner, tAggrCtlEntryStorageType, tAggrCtlEntryStatus, Keeni Experimental [Page 24]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 tAggrDataRecord, tAggrDataRecordCompressed, tAggrDataErrorRecord } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects for Time-Based aggregation of MOs." ::= { tAggrGroups 1 } END 7. Security Considerations There are management objects in the MIB modules defined in this document that have a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-create. Such objects may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. The support for SET operations in a non-secure environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on network operations. The objects and corresponding vulnerabilities are discussed below. The following MOs are used to configure an agent that implements the aggregate MIB modules. aggrCtlMOIndex, aggrCtlMODescr, aggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm, aggrCtlEntryOwner, aggrCtlEntryStorageType, aggrCtlEntryStatus, aggrMOInstance, aggrMODescr, aggrMOEntryStorageType, aggrMOEntryStatus, tAggrCtlMOInstance, tAggrCtlAgMODescr, tAggrCtlInterval, tAggrCtlSamples, tAggrCtlCompressionAlgorithm, tAggrCtlEntryOwner, tAggrCtlEntryStorageType, tAggrCtlEntryStatus, Keeni Experimental [Page 25]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 Access to these objects may be abused to affect the operation of the data collection system. In particular, - by changing the value of an instance of aggrCtlEntryStatus, tAggrCtlEntryStatus, aggrMOEntryStatus, or tAggrMOEntryStatus to 'notInService' or 'destroy', the data aggregation operation for the corresponding entry will become unavailable to the management system. - by changing the value of an instance of aggrMOInstance or tAggrCtlMOInstance, the data aggregation operation may be subverted. This may result in wrong information being fed to the management system. - by adding several rows in the aggrMOTable corresponding to an aggregate MO, it is possible to make the value of the aggregate MOs very large. A similar effect may be achieved by manipulating the value of the tAggrCtlSamples instance corresponding to a Time-Based aggregate MO. This could result in very heavy management traffic and/or fragmentation of response packets. In some cases the responder may refuse to send the data and will simply respond with an error message indicating that the response packet size is too big. An entity attempting to access an instance of an aggregated MO MUST have access rights to all the component instance objects and the aggregate MO instance. An implementation MUST follow this requirement. Lax adherence to this requirement will breach the security model and make the system vulnerable to illegal accesses. SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 did not include adequate security. Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPSec), there is no control as to who on the secure network is allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB module. It is RECOMMENDED that implementers consider the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework (see [RFC3410], section 8), including full support for the SNMPv3 cryptographic mechanisms (for authentication and privacy). Further, deployment of SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 is NOT RECOMMENDED. Instead, it is RECOMMENDED to deploy SNMPv3 and to enable cryptographic security. It is then a customer/operator responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to an instance of this MIB module is properly configured to give access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate rights to indeed GET or SET (change/create/delete) them. Keeni Experimental [Page 26]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 8. IANA Considerations The MIB modules in this document use the following IANA-assigned OBJECT IDENTIFIER values, recorded in the SMI Numbers registry: Descriptor OBJECT IDENTIFIER value ---------- ----------------------- aggrMIB { experimental 123 } tAggrMIB { experimental 124 } 9. References 9.1. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2578] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. [RFC2579] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [RFC2580] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [RFC2819] Waldbusser, S., "Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base", STD 59, RFC 2819, May 2000. [RFC3411] Harrington, D., Presuhn, R., and B. Wijnen, "An Architecture for Describing Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Management Frameworks", STD 62, RFC 3411, December 2002. [RFC3231] Levi, D. and J. Schoenwaelder, "Definitions of Managed Objects for Scheduling Management Operations", RFC 3231, January 2002. [RFC1951] Deutsch, P., "DEFLATE Compressed Data Format Specification version 1.3", RFC 1951, May 1996. 9.2. Informative References [RFC3410] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D., and B. Stewart, "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet- Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002. Keeni Experimental [Page 27]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 10. Acknowledgements This document is the product of discussions and deliberations carried out in the WIDE-netman group. Bert Wijnen and Glenn Waters reviewed the document and provided valuable comments. Authors' Addresses Glenn Mansfield Keeni Cyber Solutions Inc. 6-6-3 Minami Yoshinari Aoba-ku, Sendai 989-3204 Japan Phone: +81-22-303-4012 EMail: glenn@cysols.com Keeni Experimental [Page 28]
RFC 4498 The Managed Object Aggregation MIB May 2006 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78 and at www.rfc-editor.org/copyright.html, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf-ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA). Keeni Experimental [Page 29]

   

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